Certain areas in the world, such as Ginza, Japan, is more prone to earthquakes than others. This is because of the presence of fault zones and other industrial activities that contribute significantly to seismic activity. This means that residents of the area need to prepare more for eventual earthquakes. Although major quakes are fairly rare, less severe or more minor earthquakes can still considerably affect your normal daily routines and cause substantial damage and injury. Here are some of our top tips to prepare for an earthquake.
Practice Earthquake Drills
During your practice drills, make sure that you are able to drop to your hands and knees before a quake can knock you down. This position does not only protect you from the risk of falling and injuring yourself, it also allows you to move if necessary. Cover your head and neck since this are the most vulnerable parts of your body. If possible, try to get your entire body under the shelter of a sturdy table or desk. Be ready to move with your shelter if the shaking moves it around. Stay away from windows or glass that can shatter and objects that can fall on you.
Draft an Evacuation Plan
Evacuation is sometimes necessary, especially if the damaged area will pose a significant risk to your well-being. By planning and practicing for an evacuation, you are at a better position when acting and responding during an actual earthquake. Have a floor plan of your home and building and identify safe spots you can use to safely exit. Have a second way for exit. Make sure that you make where your emergency supplies, utilities switches and valves, and meeting place with your family members are located.
Identify Your Priorities
Make sure that you have an emergency priority list which includes the important items you need to carry with you, other items that are important for your loved ones, the pieces that may be removed through your vehicle. Finally, identify the things you need to do if you have enough time such as shutting off utilities and locking doors.